Alcohol is a widely used abused substance globally. There are many interventions by alcohol manufacturers on responsive drinking but somehow they fall on deaf ears. In Los Angeles substance abuse is rampant. It is evidenced by the high number of alcohol rehab centers across the area. Rehabilitation can either be inpatient or outpatient care. Statistics have proven inpatient care have high success rates compared to outpatient care. The rehabilitation program is built on three steps. They include:
- Medical detox
- Traditional counseling
- General and individual therapies
Detoxification involves administering drug orally or through injections to clear alcohol content in the blood. The type of detoxifier depends with the extent of alcohol damage on the organs and its content on the blood. Before beginning any detoxification, comprehensive medical tests and examination are carried out. In extreme cases culture tests are done to determine effectiveness of the drug. Drug contraindications are also monitored during drug administrations. At this stage, medical experts take center stage to ensure the right drug is administered and in the right doses. Detoxification has adverse effects on an alcoholic and also traumatizing to the family as well. The main aim of detoxification is to clear the alcohol content in the system to avoid cravings. Inpatient clients are assessed on the level of detox effect on the addict so that timely measures are undertaken. At times they need 24 hour surveillance so that they do not carry out nasty movements. Some rehab centers run sessions to give feedback and interactions by experts and old residents on coping skills for the discomfort as a result of withdrawal symptoms. The environment the rehab centers are built are adventurous, it is also therapeutic as it provides a conducive surrounding for soul searching and meditation. This is self-relieving and a sense of hope is in built to reassure the addict.
Detoxification has adverse withdrawal symptoms. They include excessive sweating, depression and stress among others. A team of counselors come in handy to help alcoholic to cope with the challenges and discomfort that comes with detoxification. At times medical expertise is required to treat medically emerging symptoms. Abstinence after a prolonged use of alcohol is not easy to deal with. Continuous traditional counseling and professional counseling helps an alcohol addict cope with the current situation. The main aim of counseling is to preach a message of hope and reassurance that all is well. A rehab center has a structured environment where all emerging issues are dealt with. The general treatment method act as a guide but the whole counseling process is individualized since addicts react differently to detox program. In extreme cases, some addicts may turn violent and very aggressive. At times, sedation helps to handle the aggression and violent character. In moderate cases, simple withdrawal strategies are applied with great success. An alcoholic is supposed to be helped to cope with alcohol abstinence which he has used over the years. The counseling sessions are learner centered such that the options are from the addict making implementation easy.
Counseling sessions are integrated with different therapies to assist an addict come out of the discomfort with ease. Alcohol rehab centers have three types of therapies. They include: behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy and motivation therapy. Behavioral therapy focuses on constructive behavior despite the discomfort and controlled environment. It also ensures that the withdrawal symptoms do not affect the addict for quite a longer time frame. Psychologists work hand in hand with counselors to draft therapies that are beneficial to their clients. Outpatient care may not have positive effect since a client is not monitored throughout the entire detox duration. At home, it may not be advisable for a client to be in the hands of the family since they may not have the right expertise to handle the adverse effects of withdrawal. Motivational therapy is just to preach a message of hope that all is well. It focuses on encouraging the client to maintain the lifestyle while completely targeting abstinence and commitment. Acceptance therapy focuses on the client to sustain the level of abstinence despite the comfort. The therapies are individualized in as much as at times they are done as a group if it will achieve the same objective.
Alcohol rehabilitation center is capital intensive project. It is a comprehensive and detailed to ensure over 90% success. The main objective is to maintain abstinence and avoid relapse. All the three method interventions if followed to the latter have been successful. The choice of a rehab center depends on severity of alcohol addiction, cost- some rehab center are for the high end market hence very expensive, success rate and reviews from other clients. Recovering from alcohol addiction is a traumatizing process, resilience, patience and endurance is advisable.